Japanese Hybrid Cars a history

Date produced Car Name Details
1997 Oct Toyota Prius
1496cc
Toyota’s first Prius hybrid-prius-nhw10
1999.9 Honda Insight
995cc
2 door, aluminium framehybrid-2
2000 March Nissan Tino
1769cc
Only 100 madetinocopy
2001 June Toyota Estima Hybrid
2362cc
Toyota’s first mini van hybridestima-01copy
2001 August Toyota Crown Hybrid Mild hybrid, just an increase in savings of 15%crown-01copy
2001 December Honda Civic hybrid
1339cc
4 door body type sedancivic-01copy
2003 July Toyota Alphard Hybrid
2362cc
The Alphard series makes and appearance as a hybridalphard
2003 August Toyota Prius 2nd generation
1496cc
Moves from a 4 door sedan to a 5 door hatchbackprius-nhw20copy
2003 Jan Suzuki Twin
658cc
Very cheap base modeltwincopy
2005 March Toyota Harrier Hybrid
3310cc
V6, 3.3L engine brought out together with the Krugger Hybridharriercopy
2005 August Honda Civic 2nd generation
1339cc
Four door sedanciviccopy
2006 March Lexus GS450H
3456cc
V6 3.5l engine with the strength of a 4.5Lgs450hcopy
2006 June Toyota Estima Hybrid generation 2
2362cc
THS-II systemestimacopy
2007 May Lexus LS600h/ LS600hL
4968cc
V8, 5 liter engine with the ability of a 6 literls600hcopy
2008 May Toyota Crown Hybrid 2nd generation
3456cc
Transplanted from the Lexus  GS450hcrowncopy
2009 Jan Lexus RX450h
3456cc
Similar to the harrier hybridrx450hcopy
2009 Feb Honda Insight 2nd generation
1339~1496cc
Like the Prius it is a 4 door hatchback, popularinsightcopy
2009 May Toyota Prius 3rd generation
1797cc
Long waiting list for this popular carprius-zvw30copy
2009 July Lexus HS250h
2362cc
4 door sedan, first hybrid only lexushs250hcopy
2009 Dec Toyota Sai
2400cc
Lexus version HS 250hsaicopy
2010 Feb Honda CR-Z
1496cc
Fast little hybrid sports, 6 speed manual transmission lineupcr-zcopy
2010 Sept Honda Fit Hybrid
1339~1496cc
Insight engine into a fitfitcopy
2010 Oct Nissan Fuga Hybrid
3498cc
One motor 2 clutchesfugacopy
2011 Jan Lexus CT200h
1797cc
Lexus 5 door hatch back hybridct200hcopy
2011 May Toyota Prius alpha
1797cc
Prius wagon type, 5 or 7 seaterprius-alphacopy
2011 June Honda Fit Shuttle Hybrid
1339cc
Fit hybrid wagon shapefitshuttlecopy
2011 Sept Toyota Camry
2493cc
First camry hybrids sold in Japancamrycopy
2011 Oct Honda Freed
1496cc
Mini van, 3 sets of seats hybridfreedcopy
2011 Oct Honda Freed Spike
1496cc
5 seater version of the Honda Freedfreedspikecopy
2011 Nov Toyota Alphard Hybrid 2nd generation
2362cc
High Class mini van hybridalphard2copy
2011 Dec Toyota Aqua
1496cc
Small car, even more MPG than the Priusaquacopy
2012 Jan Lexus GS450h 2nd generation
3456cc
New shaped body and even more efficientgs450h-02copy
2012 May Nissan Cima Hybrid
3498cc
Long body base with the Fuga engine, Nissan’s top of the linecimacopy
2012 August Nissan Serena Hybrid
1997cc
Popular Nissan mini van’s first hybrid modelserenacopy
2012 Dec Toyota Crown Hybrid 2nd generation Dropped from a 6 cylinder to a 4 cylindercrown-s21copy
2013 May Lexus IS300h
2.5L
First hybrid in the IS model rangeis300hcopy

 

Famous BMW found on the road!

Found this rare car on the way home from one of the Japan car auctions.

It is a BMW 600 made in 1950s.

Door opens up the front!

bmw090

 

1024px-bmw_600_p2

It seems about 35,000 of these 4 seater BMW 600 were sold due to apparent competition to the VW beetle.  It had a top speed of 100 kms/hr!  I’d be fearful driving down the autobahn in a BMW 600!

Bid abroad, or bid in Japan in the Japan car auctions

Talking to dealers in various countries, I often hear a dealer boast “we bid live from our office”.  What he is saying is that he is using the auctions homepage’s log in to purchase cars for himself or his customer.

I probably is a good sales pitch for the customer, being able to sit there and see his car being purchased before his eyes, but believe you me: that is dangerous without fluency in Japanese nor the bidding experience to understand the subtleties of what is going on during that 20 seconds while a car is purchased.

The goal of experienced bidding staff is to purchase your vehicle within the budget, and hopefully way below the budget, that our clients give us.  This involves reading various colours of bidding lights that inform us of the number of bidders bidding on that car.  That in turn tells us whether we should stop bidding and go into negotiation to purchase the car at a cheaper price.  Further more, each auction has different styles of bidding computers.  Putting it plainly, it is a skill that takes months to conquer.

Dangers from bidding from your own country through someone who has access to the auctions homepages, first of all, delay.

The internet is fast but basically the closer you are to the auctions in Japan, the more likely your speed will reflect the actual bidding speed in the auction.  That is, if click your bid at 200,000yen in Japan, the auction will most probably receive that bid at the price of 200,000yen as the internet nodes in Japan are close.  If you bid from another country, however, when you click at 200,000yen, the auction may receive your bid when the price has actually gone up to 230,000yen, and that could be over your budget.  If you are the last bidder AND the car is “URIKIRI” (no reserve), you have no choice but to purchase the vehicle.

Has your cars odometer been changed? Buying through the Japan car auction is the safer way

lemon-car

In New Zealand in the late 1980’s and 1990’s as the import duties for used cars coming into New Zealand decreased and finally disappeared (replaced by a 15% consumption tax), the number of cheap affordable used Japanese cars came flooding into the country.  However, to go with this public appetite for cheap, affordable cars was a desire for low kms on the odometer.  If you had a choice of a vehicle that had done 50,000kms to one that had done 150,000kms, all other factors being even, of course you would chose the vehicle that had done 50,000kms.

This put pressure on used car dealers in New Zealand to be competitive, without sacrificing profit or doing the hard work of trying to buy low km vehicles cheaply in Japan.   The easiest short cut was to request the exporter to fix the odometers to what was then a popular odometer level.  A friend dealer of mine joked that these vehicles arriving from Japan all had the same odometer readings and they must have been driven in “caravan” formation to get that!  (During those days the workers of the Japanese export companies fixing the odometers were not very creative and fixed them all at the same numbers).

Then the whole happy facade came down due to a documentary done by a NZ undercover team, visiting a now infamous Japanese used car dealer.  This was top TV news for the time when there were few channels to choose from.  The public demanded blood (though still wanted their vehicle with low kms), and the government stepped in.  The science of “odometer clocked” or “not clocked” was soon created and thousands of cars were impounded at New Zealand wharves.  If a vehicle was deemed  “clocked” the importer could re-export it or have it scrapped.

Suddenly, facing these consequences, NZ dealers and exporters turned “honest”, well at least into the NZ markets.  Some exporters would have you sign in under “zone”, so that they could show real odometer readings to their NZ customers and “potential” odometer readings to other countries that haven’t demanded the need for honesty.

So what about now?  Are there still vehicles out there that are being clocked?   Well let’s rephrase the question: “Is it still profitable to clock a car?”.  Yes, it always will be, so if there is away around the checks then these lemons will keep on flowing in.
Barriers to cars being clocked?

  1. If a car is sold in the Japan car auctions, there is an auction sheet coming with it.  Demand to see the auction sheet, that is the best way to buy an untouched vehicle.  Exporters do their odometer corrections after purchase.   Some large companies buy directly from lease and rental companies.  These cars odometers have not been registered in the Japanese Used Car Auction odometer check system and are open to abuse (and are abused).  Only buy a vehicle with an auction sheet.
  2. Once you have purchased the vehicle, you can have it checked by one of those scientific companies.
  3. Buy from a reputable exporter.  Some of the largest exporters are far from that (reputable).  We at Provide Cars have never adjusted an vehicles kms in our 15 years of existence.  Our long term clients know that.

Provide Cars, we provide you with the largest selection of vehicles available from 115 car auctions in Japan each week.

Comparing Hybrid cars, the Honda Insight versus the Toyota Prius

prius-vs-insight

Lets compare the two most popular models selling on the market right now. The Toyota Prius versus the Honda Insight:

Car Name Prius Insight
Grade L G
Length (mm) 4460 4390
Width (mm) 1745 1695
Height (mm) 1490 1425
Wheelbase (mm) 2700 2550
Front tyre width (mm) 1525 1490
Rear tyre width (mm) 1520 1475
Length inside (mm) 1905 1935
Width inside (mm) 1470 1430
Height inside (mm) 1225 1150
Weight (kg) 1310 1190
U turn radius (m) 5.2 5.0
Engine size (cc) 1797 1339
Power train Straight 4 cylinder DOHC + motor Straight 4 cylinder SOHC + motor
Engine power (kw(ps)/rpm) 73 (99)/5200 65(88)/5800
Torque ((N.m(kg-m)/rpm) 142 (14.5) 121 (12.3)/4500
Fuel tank (L) 45 40
Electric motor output (kW(ps)) 60 (82) 10 (14)/1500
Electric motor torque (N.m(kg-m)) 207 (21.1) 78 (8.0)/1000
Battery type Nickel-Metal Hydride Nickel-Metal Hydride
Battery number 28 7
Battery output (after 3 hours of use Ah) 6.5 5.75
10.15 mode kilometers per liter 38 30
JC08 mode kilometers per liter 32.6 26
Steering system Rack and pinion Rack and pinion
Suspension (front) Strut Strut
Suspension (rear) Torsion beam Torsion beam
Brakes (front) Ventilated disk Disk
Brake (rear) Disk Drum
Tyre size 185/65 R15 175/65 R15
Wheel 15X6J AW steel wheel
Airbags Driver and passenger and driver side and curtain Driver and passenger
ABS EBD ABS and brake assist EBD ABS and brake assist
Slip control system S-VSC optional
Headlights Projector Halogen Projector Halogen
Door mirror Side indicator lamps not even an option
Navigation Option Option
Smart key system Drivers side only Option
Price 2,050,000yen 1,890,000yen

 

Narrow Japanese roads

Narrow Japanese roads are a reason for a lot of scratches, especially on drivers side mirrors.  Try squeezing two cars down one of these roads.  And America complains that the Japanese don’t buy enough of their large, wide vehicles!

Will we all end up driving a hybrid eventually?

Will it be a Toyota Prius?

Or maybe a Subaru XV (pronounced with the letters X and V, not 15)

What are the issues around those batteries and when do they need to be replaced?  That would be my biggest worry.

With a bit of research:  there are many hybrid taxis in New York with over 150,000 miles on their clocks that are still going strong.  In kilometer equivalents that is 241405 kms.  Wow!  Not bad.  But one day, you know, you will get to the 250,000 kms mark and those batteries have to be changed!  What’s it gonna cost?

A bit more research again, for a set of batteries for a Toyota Prius 2003 to 2008 model range:
$3,649 minus $1,350 “core credit”.  What “core credit” means is Toyota is recycling your battery (and probably making a good profit on it too).  That cuts the cost to $2300 US dollars for a new battery that will last another 250,000 kms.

Beginning to convince myself to replace my present gas guzzler to hybrid!