In Japanese used car auctions, vehicles are typically graded based on their overall condition and various factors that affect their value and desirability. The grading system provides potential buyers with a standardized assessment of the vehicles’ condition and helps them make informed decisions.

The most commonly used grading system in Japanese car auctions is the Auction Grade System, which assigns a letter grade to each vehicle. The grading system can vary slightly between different auction houses, but the basic principles remain consistent. Here are the common grades used:

1. S Grade (6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1): These grades are considered the highest and represent vehicles in excellent condition. The “S” stands for “new” or “unused.” S Grade cars are typically new or nearly new with very low mileage and minimal or no visible wear or damage.

2. 6, 5, 4, 3, 2, 1 Grades: These grades indicate the overall condition of the vehicle, with 6 being the best and 1 being the lowest. They consider factors such as mileage, interior and exterior condition, mechanical performance, and any noticeable damage or repairs. These grades may also include additional letters or symbols to provide more detailed information about the vehicle’s condition.

3. R Grade: The “R” stands for “repaired.” R Grade vehicles have undergone repairs or restoration, but they are generally in good condition. The specific details of the repairs or restoration are usually provided in the auction listing.

4. A, B, C Grades: These grades are used for vehicles that require more extensive repairs or have significant damage. They indicate varying degrees of damage or repairs needed, with A Grade being the least severe and C Grade being the most severe.

5. 0 Grade: This grade is sometimes used for vehicles that have not yet been graded or have insufficient information available at the time of auction. Buyers should exercise caution when considering 0 Grade vehicles due to the lack of detailed information. 0 grades in some of the auctions can refer to repair history as well.

It’s important to note that the grading system is not standardized across all auctions, and different auction houses may have their own variations or additional grades. Therefore, it’s crucial for buyers to thoroughly review the auction listings, inspect the vehicles (if possible), and consider any additional information provided by the auction house before making a purchasing decision.

Additionally, some auctions provide detailed inspection sheets with information about the vehicle’s condition, including photographs, mechanical inspections, and accident history. Buyers can use these reports to assess the condition of the vehicle more accurately.